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Characteristics of Dyslexia

The following are the reading/spelling characteristics of dyslexia:

  • Difficulty reading single words in isolation;
  • Difficulty accurately decoding unfamiliar words;
  • Difficulty with oral reading (slow, inaccurate, or labored without prosody)
  • Difficulty with spelling   
  • Additional Grade / Age Level Characteristics can be found The Dyslexia Handbook (2018)

The reading/spelling characteristics are most often associated with:

  • Segmenting, blending, and manipulating sounds in words (phonemic awareness)
  • Learning the names of letters and their associated sounds
  • Holding information about sounds and words in memory (phonological memory)
  • Rapidly recalling the names of familiar objects, colors, or letters of the alphabet (rapid naming)

Secondary consequences of dyslexia may include the following:

  • Variable difficulty with aspects of reading comprehension; 
  • Variable difficulty with aspects of written composition; 
  • Limited vocabulary growth due to reduced reading experiences.

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