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Seven Areas of Concern
In addressing the Needs Assessment for all migrant students for the Statewide Delivery Plan, seven areas of concern were developed and the Migrant Education Program is based upon these concerns.
  1. EDUCATIONAL CONTINUITY – Due to the mobility of many migrant students, they often face differences in curriculum, academic standards, homework policies and classroom routines, as well as inconsistent course placement.
  2. INSTRUCTIONAL TIME – Family mobility and delays in enrollment procedures may impact attendance patterns and the amount of time migrant students spend engaged in learning.
  3. SCHOOL ENGAGEMENT – Migrant students often face difficulties associated with adjusting to new school settings, making new friends and gaining social acceptance, issues which can be grouped according to (a) behavioral engagement, which relates to opportunities for participation in academic, social or extracurricular activities; (b) emotional engagement, which relates to positive and negative reactions to teachers, classmates, academic materials and school, in general; and (c) cognitive engagement, which relates to investment in learning and may be a response to expectations, relevance and cultural connections.
  4. ENGLISH LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT -  Many migrant students have a home language other than English and may face language barriers which impact content area learning.  However, in this particular area, it is important to note that providing MEP-funded services to meet needs related to a student’s limited English proficiency is rarely appropriate, due to the high risk of supplanting activities more appropriately funded through State Bilingual/ESL, or when appropriate, Title III or other Federal programs.
  5. EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT IN THE HOME – While many migrant parents value education very highly for their children, they may not have the educational resources or knowledge to provide the support expected by school staff.
  6. HEALTH – Migrant children face higher proportions of dental, nutritional, acute and chronic health problems than non-migrant children and are more likely to be uninsured and have difficulty accessing health care to address health problems which are interfering with a student’s ability to succeed in school.
  7. ACCESS TO SERVICES – As a result of language barriers or the mobile family’s newcomer status, migrant children and families often face difficulties accessing educational and educationally-related services to which they are entitled.