Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, is designed to help disadvantaged children reach high academic standards. Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Education Agencies (LEA) provides supplemental funding to state and LEAs for resources to help schools with high concentrations of students from low-income families provide a high-quality education that will enable all children to meet the state's student performance standards. Title I, Part A supports schools in implementing either a school-wide program or a targeted assistance program. These programs must use effective methods and instructional strategies that are grounded in scientifically based research.
Parent Involvement- Parent involvement is the centerpiece of Title I. Title I, Part A provides for substantive parental involvement at every level of the program. When schools collaborate with parents to help their children learn and when parents participate in school activities and decision-making about their children’s education, children achieve at higher levels.
Paraprofessionals- Properly trained paraprofessionals can play important roles in improving student achievement in Title I schools where they can reinforce and augment a teacher’s effort in the classroom. Unfortunately, studies indicate that paraprofessionals are used in many Title I schools for teaching and assisting in teaching when their educational backgrounds do not qualify them for such responsibilities. Title I of the ESEA, as amended by the NCLB Act requires that paraprofessionals meet higher standards of qualification, and ensures that students who need the most help receive instructional support only from qualified paraprofessionals.
Teachers- Title I, Part A (and Title II, Part A) place particular emphasis on the need for LEAs to ensure that teachers of a core academic subject meet certain minimum requirements they need to become effective educators. The requirements to be considered “highly qualified” are that teachers hold at least a bachelor’s degree, be fully certified in Texas, and demonstrate competency in the core academic subject area they are teaching.
State Compensatory Education (SCE)- Compensatory education is defined in law as programs and/or services designed to supplement the regular education program for students identified as at risk of dropping out of school. The purpose is to increase the academic achievement and reduce the drop out rate of these students. The goal of state compensatory education is to reduce any disparity in performance on assessment instruments administered under Subchapter B, Chapter 39, or disparity in the rates of high school completion between students at risk of dropping out of school and all other district students.
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